Exam Time: Wednesday 22nd May, 2019
Civic Education 2 (Essay)** – 9:30 a.m. – 11:30 a.m.
Civic Education 1 (Objective)** – 11:30 a.m. – 12:30 p.m.


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Civic OBJ


Justice is what we as a society regard as “right” based on our moral concepts of ethics, rationality, law, religion, equity and fairness, in other words, justice is the proper application of law.

(i) Scales: Lady Justice is most often depicted with a set of scales typically suspended from one hand, upon which she measures the strengths of a case’s support and opposition.
(ii) Blindfold: Lady Justice has often been depicted wearing a blindfold. The blindfold represents impartiality, the ideal that justice should be applied without regard to wealth, power, or other status.
(iii) Sword: The sword represented authority in ancient times, and conveys the idea that justice can be swift and final.


[Pick Any FIVE]
(i) The drug addict exhibit the behaviour of drug dependence
(ii) The person would not have value for decency or modest in dressing
(iii) The drug addict engages in bad behaviours like immoral utterances, flagrant disregard of values, especially norms and etiquette of the society
(iv) The victim is characteristic of disobedience to constituted authority of the family, society, school etc
(v) Drug addict has quarrelsome and rebellions disposition which makes him/her quarrel at slightest provocation
(vi) Another behaviour exhibited by drug addict is idleness.
(vii) Drug addicts exhibit criminal tendencies. They steal, rob, kidnap and rape and are custodians and carriers of social vices.


(6ai) HIV:
HIV which simply means human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that causes AIDS which is spread through certain body fluids that attacks the body’s immune system. Once in the body, HIV attacks the immune system cells which perform various tasks such as fighting common diseases. When one is HIV positive, it means that he or she has the AIDS causing virus in the body fluids. This does not mean a person is already suffering from aids.

(6aii) AIDS:
AIDS which means Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It is the most severe phase of HIV infection. People with AIDS have such badly damaged immune systems that they get an increasing number of severe illnesses, called opportunistic infections.

(i) Fever
(ii) Unexplained weight loss
(iii) Rashes
(iv) Night sweats
(v) Muscle aches
(vi) Sore throat
(vii) Fatigue
(viii) Swollen lymph nodes
(ix) Mouth ulcers
(x) Chronic diarrhea


(i) Constitution is supreme
(ii) Equality of the law
(iii) Presence of fundamental human right

(i) Immunity clauses: The constitution stands as a protection to the Executives & Ambassadors from being sued while in office, which puts them above some laws.
(ii) Military rule: This is the forceful take over of civilian government which gives them power to suspend the constitution and then promulgate degree which abuse the fundamental human Rights
(iii) State of emergency: It promote unlawful arrest and restrictions of movement which is an abuse of Rule of law
(iv) Age: its a limitation to equality before the law, since under age (below 18) are given special treatment and privileges that protect them from capital punishment when engaged in crime.


Political apathy is the lack of interest in politics and political activities by the citizens of a country. When citizens are not interested in the political programmes of a country due to one reason or the other, political apathy is said to have taken place, e.g. the cold feet Nigerians often develop during elections which makes them not to go out to vote could be regarded as political apathy.

[Pick any TWO]
(i) Corruption will set in when dishonourable people fill the vacuum created by the absence of credible citizens.
(ii) There will be no accountability on the part of the
government because the people that are supposed to keep the government and the leaders in check have shown no interest in the affairs of the country.
(iii) There will be emergence of an undemocratic government
(iv) Political apathy breeds lawlessness and disorderliness in society

[Pick Any FOUR]
(i) Encouraging credible opposition in the political process in order to give the people wider choices.
(ii) Encouraging the people to become favourably disposed towards joining popular groups to enhance
(iii) Encouraging popular participation in elections.
(iv) Defending the fundamental human rights of citizens.
(v) Making leaders accountable to the people who elected them.
(vi) Ensuring good governance which inspires confidence in the citizens to participate in political activities.

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